The machine itself functions by a Peltier effect (thermoelectric cooling) regulated by a hydraulic system which ensures a very high inertia which is absolutely necessary for the correct application of the treatment in a minimum of time. These characteristics, which are very difficult to obtain, make it possible to enact a very rapid cooling of the fat tissues while avoiding the risk of lesions of the skin tissue due to an application that is too long.
The principle of the treatment is to lower the temperature of the fat cells enough to cause what is called the phenomenon of apoptosis. The treatments are powered by cryolipolysis – a medical treatment used to destroy fat cells by freezing within the temperature range of +5 to -5 ˚C. The cold treatment causes apoptosis or cell death of subcutaneous fat tissues.
This is achieved without risk to the other tissues (in particular muscular tissue) by the fact that the intracellular electrolytes of the fat cell are the first to crystallize in the cold before all the others. This crystallization is information brought to the cell to program self destruction. One could say that cryotherapy is a homeopathic treatment specific to the fat cell. (Homeopathy consists in inducing information to certain molecules).